‘The Age of Iron’, when mankind dominated over magick and nature?
Posted: Thu Feb 22, 2018 7:03 pm
Celtic mythology seems to make quite alot of sense in this respect of how it explains the ‘age of iron’. Do you think it’s a good pinpoint of what happened? If you take into account that minerals are living just as plants but differently, and what happened which attuned certain minerals against beings in a less literal way we can’t comprehend?
Using iron horseshoes to disrupt magick or protect themselves against it, and also against beings was a long time tradition of people in old times. Due to the knowledge of its magnetic fields which did so.
A reddit poster (FaeQueenRae) said:
“One story suggests it's because when the Fae were first birthed from the Earth, they made a deal with Iron (unfortunately, what that deal was has been lost to time). They didn't keep up their end of the bargain and iron is still angry at them, which explains why the Fae will (albeit reluctantly) always try to twist and manipulate, but eventually, hold up their end of a deal. It's also been suggested that because shaping iron represents man's progress and dominance over the natural world, the Fae, being creatures of good old Mother Earth, hate that. So the act of smithing a chunk of iron into something as simple as a nail means Man is creating a work not found in nature. The magnetic properties are also said to interfere with the flow of magic (which is why horseshoes hung above a door way are protection against most magical creatures.)”
Somebody else replied saying:
”correct, this is also why many Celtic myths say that in the age of iron mankind cemented the hatered of the fae by driving them out of their land using tools of iron”
So is it due to the discovery and use of things like iron or not plus their elements that the connection to magick/beings has been disrupted? How long will this ‘age of iron’ last and what will come after it ends?
Re: ‘The Age of Iron’, when mankind dominated over magick and nature?
Posted: Sat Aug 25, 2018 8:46 pm
Source: http://folklorethursday.com/folklore-of-archaeology/ferrous-friend-foe-iron-became-enemy-fairy-folk/#sthash.qILnirvF.dpbsFull Article below for reference:Anyone who has seen the 2014 movie Maleficent will know that iron burns fairies and iron chains can hold a dragon captive. Iron frames were once popular for children’s bedsteads, because it was said that fairies could not approach to snatch or swap the infants who slept upon them. Iron bands around the coffin of a witch or a vampire were believed to prevent them from escaping their tombs. Many of the classical texts on Qabalistic ritual warn the magus to keep iron out of their ritual circle, because it ‘earths’ the Magickal powers they attempt to invoke.
Yet iron has also been the saviour of many a church bell ringer, by ‘magically’ attracting lightning and diverting its path down to the earth outside the church, rather than down the bell pull and to the puller. There is earlier evidence of tall buildings using iron as lightning conductors, though use by the Christian Church was not recorded until the 1750s when they were ‘invented’ by Prokop Diviš, a Bohemian priest in Přímětice. This was around the same time as Benjamin Franklin’s more famous experiments with making lightning rods.
The use of lightning rods caused a furor of conflicting arguments from different factions of the Church. Some priests thought that they demonstrated the Church’s ability to control the elements in the name of God. Others argued that they demonstrated a lack of faith in the power of prayer as a form of protection. Some thought the Church was actually endorsing, and dabbling in, what may be a form of witchcraft! Some believed that their use attracted God’s wrath, causing churches to be struck by lightning much more regularly. Others thought lightning strikes occurred because they frustrated the Devil and his followers, making them lash out angrily, though ineffectually. It was claimed that lightning rods also caused earthquakes. However, it seems that bell ringers all said, ‘Thank God!’
By the use of iron, the early church was seen to have tamed and controlled the power of pagan gods, typified by the Viking Thor, or the bolt-throwing Greek god Zeus. Iron became symbolic of the power of the Christian church over older, ‘heathen’ belief systems, and the apparent chaos of the natural world. If iron could tame great old gods such as Thor and Zeus, then certainly it could defuse the pagan powers of witches and pesky demons.
Many properties of iron, as we now understand in scientific terms, must have seemed magical when first observed. An iron needle floating in a bowl of water could tell you which way to steer your ship at sea, even when the stars were obscured by cloud. An electric spark, thought by some to be analogous with life energy, could disappear into an iron filament and come out at the other end, seemingly unchanged. Of course, even today, iron still seems magical in many respects. It is the most plentiful metal in the universe. All iron was initially forged in the hearts of stars, and only gifted to the cosmos when they exploded in supernovae. This stardust is in each of us; it is what makes our blood red.
The earliest iron artefacts were made millennia before the Iron Age, from meteoric iron that had fallen from the sky. This was when the sky was still the realm of the gods. Therefore, iron was a gift from the gods, and must be imbued with godly powers. Accordingly, these first artefacts were fit for our gods on earth. For example, the pharaoh Tutankhamun.
Some of the earliest known fairy tales concern iron and the art of the blacksmith. I have already touched upon the origins of fairy tales in a previous article here on #FolkloreThursday, along with their connection to iron and why horseshoes are said to be lucky and ward off evil if hung over your doorway.
‘Drawing of Iron and Bronze swords found in Hallstatt’: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hallstatt_culture_swords_ramsauer.jpg
The lore that surrounds iron has changed from beneficent to maleficent and back again as many times as historical conflicts and conquests have changed the ideology of the dominant culture. It seems that the smelting and use of iron developed independently in several locations around the world. The Iron Age is generally understood as the period during which the technology to make iron items — particularly weapons — spread from the Hallstatt culture in western and eastern Europe during the 8th century BCE. It radiated out through Celtic Europe, eventually reaching Britain, and then expanded into the La Tène culture during the 4th century BCE.
Clearly, the peoples of this extended period did not one night go to sleep in the Bronze Age and awaken the next morning in the Iron Age. There were considerable overlaps as the technology of iron developed and travelled throughout the European continent by way of trade. This also appears to coincide with a violent period of history, with hill forts springing up all across the British Isles, particularly in the southern regions.
‘A detailed drawing of a viking age sword from the early 9th century found at Sæbø in the west of Norway’:
It is also interesting to note that bronze ‘carps-tongue swords’ in the Hallstatt style were popular trade items, appearing in Britain during the early period of the Iron Age of central Europe. These were beautiful and stylistically sophisticated swords and yet, technologically, they were already outmoded. This is just like international arms dealing today! Sell potential enemies inferior or out-dated weapons, and keep the superior tech for your own armies. So, the Britons were trading peacefully, and at the same time building defensive forts and preparing for battle. Imagine their surprise when the clashes came with the peoples who had made the swords they were using. It must have been baffling when enemy blades just seemed to cut right through theirs, and also their shields.
The Britons had a reputation for being small in stature yet fierce warriors, and possibly adept at magic. They seemed to be able to appear and vanish at will from among the trees of the forests and among the hills. According to some early Roman accounts, the Britons would spike their hair with white lime and cover their bodies in swirling patterns of blue woad for battle, possibly to enable them to vanish into the pattern of clouds in the sky or reflected on the surface of lakes. This resulted in a belief that they could appear out of thin air and make their getaways via ‘portals’ in lakes and rivers. Some have suggested that this is where the myth of the fairy folk began. These ‘fairy folk’ who used ‘magical’ tactics were armed with bronze, which was no match for the iron blades of the invaders. Therefore, iron became known as the enemy of the ‘fairy folk.’
‘Odin consults a Vǫlva Shaman’: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Odin_og_V%C3%B6lven_by_Fr%C3%B8lich.jpg
In Wicca, wands are usually made from hazel or rowan – grown things of natural origin, reinforcing the connection with the seasons and cycles of nature, with which we work in harmony. However, the wands of the Norse Vǫlva shamans were iron, implying that for them magic was a human thing involving forging and manipulating natural resources and elemental forces according to our will.
‘Finds from a Vǫlva’s grave in Köpingsvik, Öland, include an 82 cm long wand of iron incorporating bronze details and a unique model of a house. By Berig – GFDL’: https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=3604654
Siberian shamans traditionally make magical artefacts from iron, perhaps owing to their ancestral heritage. The name ‘Russia’ is derived from the Russ, a pre-Viking Norse clan who were founders of the settlement that became modern Moscow. This brings us nicely around to a famous iron sword, perhaps the most famous sword of all time: Excalibur.
Viking swords were prized by non-Vikings for a number of reasons, including their strength, balance, quality, and reputation. There were only a few ways that a non-Viking may come by a Viking sword. Possession of one indicated that you were very wealthy and had gained the respect of a wealthy Viking, or had defeated a Viking warrior in battle – both impressive achievements. So, could Excalibur have been a Norse-forged iron sword? We know that such weapons were often cast in moulds made of stone, so the ‘sword-in-the-stone’ bit would certainly fit. True, the Viking era came several centuries after the Iron Age, but myths and legends are often stories amalgamated from several earlier sources. Also, if remembered from the pre-Viking crossover period from Bronze to Iron Age, a similarly well-balanced, expertly forged iron sword would seem magical due to its ability to cut through bronze blades (and even through weapons made from inferior quality iron).
‘How Sir Bedivere Cast the Sword Excalibur into the Water. © 1894 Sir Thomas Malory, Le Morte d’Arthur’:
If magic is an energy, a physical force, then perhaps iron makes more sense as wand material. We know that iron can attract and conduct electricity, focus and release it, store it as magnetic energy, or disperse it by returning it to the earth. Iron can change form. It can be made molten, fluid, and malleable, and then set into unbending forms of our design. Be it blade or wand, the magic of this metal could enable one not only to repel fairies, but to rule with ‘a rod of iron,’ or indeed, ‘the sword of kings.’
Re: ‘The Age of Iron’, when mankind dominated over magick and nature?
Posted: Sun Aug 26, 2018 6:57 am
I think the article hits on the reason Iron specifically was the "ward against the fairy folk" and that is the nature of how weaponized iron would have been. Iron for nails and various tools is fine, but it rusts fairly fast. You'd find other, softer, metals still in use a LOT when they were accessible for nails, and possibly even for some farm equipment.
I'm of the belief, though this is more just a personal speculation, that this understanding of "iron is a threat because it can be made into a powerful weapon" continued into steel, and then that evolved into the dagger/athame/sword as a part of ceremonial high magick. The use of the Sword in old magick to deal with, not necessarily friendly, spiritual forces in ritual is documented in various High Magick Traditions.
As a note though, the Vikings had Iron and Steel for quite some time, so the idea that the Church having Iron gave them some symbolic power was not very likely.
I think most likely it began as was said, with the idea of the deal between the Fae and Iron. The cultures of the time were animistic and Shamanic. It makes a great degree of sense that the spirit of the metal would make a deal with other land spirits. Maybe the deal was to prevent rust? It would explain why as iron evolved to steel the idea of steel doing the same thing was never picked up. Yet by that point the idea of "the blade has power over spirits" would have become popular too, and would allow the progress to the mystical tools.
It's a great thing to contemplate though, as the more we understand the history of the stories the better we understand the spirits and forces underneath them.